European countries have adopted a new common higher education system in order to guarantee the recognition of degrees at the European level and to facilitate student and researcher mobility.
The structure of education
The system is based on:
• division of course programmes in line with the BMD model: Bachelor’s degree (Bac+3), Master’s (Bac+5) and Doctorate (Bac+8)
• Division of courses into semesters (1 year = 2 semesters);
• Organisation of courses into compulsory, optional or free-elective course units, including formal lectures, directed studies and practical work, internships, dissertations, etc.;
• Recognition of students’ progress and work completed through the award of ECTS credits (European Credit Transfer System). Each course unit corresponds to a specified number of ECTS credits, and one validated semester corresponds to 30 ECTS credits.
The types of institutions
The French higher education system includes several types of institutions:
• universities offer courses in many fields (art, literature, languages, humanities and social sciences, health, science and technology, etc.);
• schools: engineering, commerce, architecture, veterinary, agronomy, etc.;
• High schools also dispense some higher education courses: BTS (technical diploma), CPGE (preparatory classes for the Grandes écoles), etc.
The UFTMP brings together 31 institutions, delivering 900 degrees! Explore this multifaceted course offering!
You will find more information on the website of the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation